Friday, June 25, 2010

Alfalfa hay the real story

*Diminished performance.

Alfalfa hay generally runs at least 18-20% protein, often higher. Not all of this protein is usable, as we will discuss later in this article. A mature working horse only requires about 12% protein. Dr. Michael Glades concluded after a study at the University of Maryland that horses with excess protein in their diets ran slower race times than horses receiving the NRC recommended amounts. He found that for each 1000 grams of protein that a horse ate above his basic needs, the racing times slowed 1 to 3 seconds.

Dr. Kerry Ridgway points to an all-alfalfa diet as the cause of higher body temperature in working horses, caused by the extra work required by the internal organs to convert the protein to usable energy. He feels this leads to excess sweating and electrolyte loss, which can in turn lead to dehydration, impaction and colic.

*Hypothyroldism, thumps, bad attitude.

According to Dr. Ridgeway, the excess calcium in an alfalfa diet interferes with parathyroid function and can lead to "thumps", muscle cramps and tying up.

Excess calcium interferes with absorption of iodine, a mineral necessary for proper thyroid function. Many horses on alfalfa become hypothyroid - the thyroid gets lazy. Symptoms can be a cresty neck, a horse that gets overweight very easily, develops dry and flaky skin, etc. Some breeds show hypothyroidism by becoming very "cinchy" and skin-sensitive, getting cranky when being groomed, or losing topline muscle and hair condition. Mares that are hypothyroid often become infertile.

Horses that are hypothyroid may be very plump and shiny, but are unhealthy. They are simply retaining water in the tissues, and this inhibits proper movement. Ask any woman with P.M.S. how she feels when she is retaining water! If your horse is cranky and belligerent, resists bending and flexing, is very lazy or reacts emotionally, it may be hypothyroid.

*Tying up

Researchers at Colorado State University and in Sweden reported on the effects of excess dietary protein on T4 thyroid hormone levels. Feeding protein above daily requirements decreases the T4 levels; optimum T4 levels are necessary for horses to metabolize glucose (blood sugar) properly. Glucose is the energy source used for work, and higher glucose levels are necessary during strenuous exercise. Higher glucose levels also delay the onset of lactic acid buildup in the muscles and blood. Lactic acid buildup causes the muscles to lose their ability to contract and relax properly, and to stay in a contracted (tied up) state.

The excess calcium in alfalfa suppresses the magnesium levels in the body. Magnesium is necessary for muscles to relax properly after the contraction phase. In the Colorado and Swedish studies, higher magnesium levels were found to increase the T4 thyroid hormone production. Mares and fillies are especially prone to tie up on alfalfa, since they become magnesium deficient when estrogen levels inrease during their heat cycles. Supplementing magnesium is often helpful.

*Kidney problems and scratches

If your horse's stall smells like ammonia, he is in trouble. Some of the protein in alfalfa hay is actually converted to non-protein nitrogen (urea) and/or nitrates, which are toxic to horses. In an effort to get rid of excess protein and these related substances, the body produces ammonia. This is very hard on the kidneys, and can also lead to respiratory problems from inhalation of the ammonia fumes. Healthy urine should be clear, not cloudy and foul-smelling.

The tiny tubes in your horse's kidneys will, over time, get clogged with the excess protein in alfalfa, and then the calcium will begin to form kidney stones. Alfalfa is particularly hard on aging horses - Karen E. Hayes, D.V.M., feels that no horse over age 15 should have any alfalfa at all.

Scratches, which are areas of open, oozing sores usually occuring on the pasterns and legs, seem to be related to increased photosensitivity. When the scratches are on white areas of the body, removing alfalfa from the diet usually clears them up.


When the body uses excess protein for energy, it snips off the nitrogen end of the protein strand before sending off the other amino acids for metabolic chores. In horses, this excess nitrogen forms urea (non-protein nitrogen) that is removed from the bloodstream via the kidneys and goes out in the urine, as was discussed above. To excrete the large amount of urea, the horse has to drink more water and urinate more frequently. Stalled horses will have soggy bedding which leads to hoof problems, thrush and discomfort (as well as more labor) and will be breathing ammonia fumes which lead to respiratory distress. There is also increased probability of dehydration during hot weather and endurance/performance events, because plasma ammonia is so toxic to the system that the need to urinate it out will outweigh the body's need to hold onto the water for hydration. These horses will also have thick, foamy sweat which does not cool them as effectively as the thin, watery sweat, so they sweat more which further dehydrates the body.

*Increased incidence of disease

Dr. T.W. Swerczek at the University of Kentucky feels that a diet high in protein and low in fiber can predispose stressed horses to become ill. Among the disorders he listed are Potomac horse fever, strangles, salmonella, ulcers, abortions, epiphysitis, etc. Stress factors can be weather, hauling, competing, even changing pasture companions.

Dr. Swerczek experimented with the diets on research horses that he infected with strangles. He divided them into two groups, and fed one group alfalfa and the other group grass hay. The horses fed alfalfa became so ill that even vaccines and antibiotics did no good. Yet, when he took away the alfalfa and high protein supplements, the disease disappeared on its own. The horses on grass hay experienced a very mild case of strangles that did not require any treatment.

He also feels that in the lactating mare, if the mare's kidneys are overloaded with high protein, the toxic metabolic wastes may be passed on in the milk and affect the health of her foal. Unhealthy foals with lowgrade colic or muscle aches from coughing can develop abnormal holding patterns in their bodies, which lead to faulty muscle development and crooked legs.


California and the west where straight alfalfa diets are common have the highest incidence of "stones" in the country. Intestinal stones are formed from ammonium magnesium phosphate. The ammonium comes from the excess protein in the alfalfa. Another contributing factor is the low fiber in alfalfa, which keeps the gut from functioning properly and allows the stones to form. Dr. Robert Bray at Cal Poly University recommends cutting back on the alfalfa portion of the ration as a means of helping to prevent stones. Research has shown that horses with a history of forming stones cannot tolerate any alfalfa without a recurrence.

*Developmental Bone Problems / Disease

Too much calcium, as found in straight alfalfa hay, interferes with the absorption of copper and zinc. These two trace minerals are important for healthy bones. Too much calcium can also lead to a calcium deficiency, strangely enough. When the circulating levels of calcium are too high in the blood, the body has an automatic mechanism which kicks out the calcium before it can be used to build strong bone. Because much of the calcium in alfalfa is unusable by the body, it can either lead to an actual calcium deficiency, or be deposited in inappropriate places as splints, spavins, etc. The safest form of calcium supplementation is a supplement of amino acid chelated (bio-available) calcium, combined with chelated trace minerals.

Researcher T. J. Hulland, a researcher at the University of Guelph-Ontario, feels that most "contracted tendons" in young horses are the result of contracted muscles in the forearm and gaskin. The tendons and ligaments themselves are not capable of shortening, but it is possible for a young horse that is getting too much calcium and protein to have the tight muscle, or borderline "tie up" condition described previously. If the problem is caught early on, dietary changes can often prevent permanent damage. By reducing the protein content of the ration (diluting alfalfa hay with mostly grass hay) and bringing the calcium/phosphorous ratio closer to the ideal 1: 1, and providing balanced minerals in a usable form, the foal is allowed to develop more normally. A magnesium deficiency, again caused by a calcium excess, can also cause the tight shoulder/gaskin muscles and cause the limb structure to become too upright.

Another bonus associated with a diet of primarily grass hay is the high levels of organic silica found in grass. This mineral is necessary for bone and connective tissue (collagen) to be properly formed. It is also essential for calcium absorption as bone is being formed. Current research is being done at Texas A & M University on the benefits of adding silica to the diets of growing horses. (An additional benefit of feeding grass hay - your horse's teeth may not need to be floated as often - the silica content of grass hay tends to keep the sharp edges worn down.) Bone is a living organ, constantly being formed and remodeled according to the mineral content of the body and the stresses placed upon it. Proper mineral balance is important!


Because alfalfa is very rich, it is not feasible to allow horses free access without them becoming much too heavy. Problem is, alfalfa is also quite low in fiber. Horses need adequate fiber in order for their digestive system to function properly - they are designed to be nibbling constantly and to have some fiber in the tract at all times. When they eat alfalfa, they usually are done in a hour or so, and then nothing is entering the tract until the next feeding, usually many hours later. This scenario predisposes a horse to colic. With quality grass hay, the horse is able to "graze" on it all day, and does not become ravenous and gobble feed. If proper digestive aids (probiotics, yeast cultures) are included in the ration, the animal is satisfied with less feed and does not develop a "hay belly".


A by-product of protein digestion is acid. A horse that is on a high alfalfa diet produces excess
acid. Equine bodies, like ours, need to be on the alkaline side in order to survive; a high protein diet triggers some emergency responses in the system. Since minerals are mostly alkaline, the body will pull minerals from the tissues and bones in order to buffer the acids in the bloodstream so that the heart can keep functioning. To the body, the heart has a higher priority than strength of bones and ligaments. As the tissues and bones become demineralized, ligaments become slack. You may hear clicking in the joints, and the horse will maybe develop a sore back because the muscles are having to do the work that the ligaments should be doing. As time goes on, the body will try to stabilize the joints by building up calcium deposits, and you will see osselets, spavins, navicular, etc. The stage is set, and the horse becomes more and more unsound. A lower protein diet (grass hay and plain grain) with proper mineral support can help prevent this scenario, and perhaps even reverse some of the damage.


We need to reevaluate our ideas of what a fit, healthy horse looks like. Much of the technology being used in horse feeds is from the cattle and livestock industry, where high protein rations, sugar and thyroid inhibitors such as alfalfa, molasses and linseed meal are used to fatten animals for slaughter or to increase milk production. Problem is, a fat steer is not expected to remain sound for 20+ years, to bend and flex and travel freely, and have a trainable attitude! Many halter and pleasure horses, especially young futurity horses, are pushed beyond their genetic and nutritional capacity and end up being unsound at a very early age. Many horses that are considered "untrainable" or high strung are simply physically and emotionally out of control due to thyroid or other metabolic nutritionally-induced imbalance.

Dr.KarenHayes,D.V.M.,states, "Under no circumstances should the amount of alfalfa in your horse's diet ever exceed 40% (by weight). Any more than that and you are risking the perils of excess protein and excess calcium, both of which can do some unbelievable damage. If your horse's ration consists of 100% alfalfa, he may look healthy, but that does not mean it isn't taxing his system. "

We recommend top quality grass hay with perhaps a little alfalfa (maybe up to 20%) added for lactation and in some cases for growth. Feed plain (without molasses) grains such as oats, corn and barley mixed. Combined with balanced minerals in a bioavailable (chelated) form, and the proper use of digestive aids to maximize feed utilization, this diet will produce healthy athletes that are sound in body and mind. Your horses will thank you!

We can advise you about the supplements available to balance your ration for your particular needs. We have over 20 horse products available for maintenance, training, breeding and growth, and high performance. We look forward to working with you!


Bray, Dr. Robert E. "Enteroliths: A Potential Problem With Horses". Article prepared for EquiTech Conference, Los Angeles, CA. Nov. 1993.

Susan Garlinghouse, MS "Alfalfa for Distance Horses", Endurance News , Nov 2000



The Most Important Article on Your Health!

Thursday, June 24, 2010

Another Great Testimonial! Going Natural!

Hi Lorrie,
I was just thinking about you yesterday and planning to tell you how amazed and excited we are with the changes in our horses.  Marley is no longer covered with belly bites and he is loosing some of that excess weight!!!.  Rolo's withers, back and ribcage are no longer reactive!!!!...when I got him the trainer showed me that his side was very reactive with grooming but he assured me that he was just sensitive and that if I kept grooming he would be fine! ...WRONG!  So he was racing with ribs and probably withers out! wonder he developed and oslet and went lame then did not want to be ridden!  JB has gained a little weight and the rain rot on his hind feet is nearly gone and he is more comfortable in the hind quarters! They all shine MORE than they did with oil!!! Marley is dappled.

Thursday, June 10, 2010

Happy Natural Horse Information Sheet

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A must have for all your health care needs Horses /Humans/Pets
Email for homeopathic chart.
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Trace minerals, Wound Wash, Wound Balm, Great site 208-756-1641
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For my Feeding Advice go to my website

Heart wall

Trapped Emotions & The HeartWall©
Do you ever feel like you are still carrying around some emotional event in your past that you would rather forget?
Whether you realize it or not, the fact is you probably are still dragging certain emotional events around with you, in
ways you might not have imagined...
Thousands of years ago, the Chinese correlated each emotion that we experience with different organs in the body.
Many years of careful observation taught these ancient physicians that various emotions seem to actually emanate
from specific organs and glands in the body, and too much of any emotion can cause congestion and imbalance
organ. For example, if you have an abundance of anger in your life, eventually your liver or gall bladder (or both) will
become imbalanced. Of course, here in the West, we believe that the brain is the seat of emotions as well as all
intelligence, so these old beliefs seem a bit odd, to say the least, and are dismissed by many of the learned physicians
of our day. Nevertheless, the more we learn about the mind-body connection, the more we realize that we really don't
know anymore where the mind ends and the body begins. Maybe the Chinese were right after all.
When certain emotions are too powerful for us to handle, a short circuit is created, and a part of that emotion is
'trapped' within the body. This trapped emotion is essentially a 'ball of energy'. The picture at right depicts the body's
magnetic field. The green ball represents one of these 'trapped emotions' which has become lodged in the upper right
chest. Notice how it is distorting the magnetic field?
This type of trapped energy is invisible, yet highly dangerous to the body over time. If you have ever taken a magnet
and put it near a computer screen or a tv set, and seen how the screen distorts, then you have seen the same
phenomenon as this. A trapped emotion will distort the body's magnetic field in this same way. And of course, if you
distort the body's magnetic field, you distort the physical tissues of the body as well, since the body itself is made of
We are all subjected to various emotions every day of our lives. We usually are able to process these emotions
without too much trouble. We experience the emotion as it passes through us, and we move on. I've realized
however, that emotions are processed on two levels: physically and mentally. Sometimes certain emotions are so
powerful that the physical body does not process them. These emotions become "trapped" in the body, and lead to all
manner of physical illnesses.
How can a trapped emotion exert that kind of pressure on physical tissue in the body? I believe that the trapped
emotion (a ball of energy), distorts the magnetic field of the body, thereby distorting the physical body itself, causing
pain and malfunction. After all, our bodies are really nothing more than atoms, and atoms are made of energy, right?
What happens to body tissue when it is continually irritated over time? In many cases, the tissue goes into a state of
metaplasia, or change. The next step is malignancy, or cancer. Is it possible the trapped emotions can lead to cancer
in the body? I believe the answer is yes. I do not treat cancer at our clinics, and I make that very clear to my
patients. However, patients do come to our clinics that happen to have cancer. We do our best to restore balance to
their bodies, and having a more balanced body can definitely help. Every patient with cancer that I have ever seen
has always had emotions trapped in the malignant tissues. While these particular patients are often concurrently
undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatment for their cancers, I find and released the emotions that are trapped,
and I believe that it helps. I believe the day will come when all physicians will realize the danger of trapped emotions
and the importance of having them released.
Trapped emotions can even be inherited! If one of your parents has a trapped emotion, it is possible that a bit of that
energy can actually be passed through to you at the moment of conception.
Sometimes trapped emotions can become lodged in the area of the heart, and can create what I call a 'HeartWall'.
Heartache and Broken Hearts
Have you ever been injured emotionally? Have you ever felt that emotional heaviness in your chest like your heart was
The heart is the center of your being. In fact, research now indicates that the heart may be a second brain, a brain
more powerful than the one on top of your shoulders. A brain that is fully activated when you are giving and receiving
pure love and acts of pure, unselfish devotion. It is through our heart that we give and receive love.
But our hearts are vulnerable to injury. Sometimes trapped emotions are created in the body, and sometimes these
trapped emotions lodge in the heart area.
Since all things are nothing but pure energy by their very nature, a trapped emotion is no different, and consists of
pure energy.
Well, sometimes your subconscious mind will take that extra energy that is now in the heart area, and it will literally
make a 'wall' with it. Why? To protect your heart from injury so as to keep your heart from being totally broken.
You can be born with a HeartWall, but usually it gets built up over time. One of the most interesting things about the
HeartWall is that it is always made out of something. (The mind is logical. How can you have a wall made out of
And so, the HeartWall is like the projected image from a movie projector. The subconscious mind is free to choose any
material for it. My testing has revealed a wide variety of substances, thicknesses and characteristics of the HeartWall.
Usually, the material chosen, as well as the thickness of the wall, have definite symbolic meanings relating to the
person's life or circumstances. For example, I have seen HeartWalls range from paper-thin to thousands of miles in
thickness. Remember that the Heart Wall is a "projection" of the mind and the mind is not limited in a physical sense;
nevertheless, this "projection" seems to have a definite effect on the body, both mentally and physically.
I believe that Heart Walls affect us in two ways. First, they block the heart energy from flowing through the body; this
makes it more difficult for the body to heal itself, and can cause physical symptoms, particularly in the neck, upper
back and shoulders. Second, they block us from fully opening our hearts to others.
In essence, a HeartWall will make you numb to others and make it more difficult for you to feel emotions and connect
to others. When you realize that the mind puts the heart wall up to protect us in the first place, it all makes sense.
In essence, a HeartWall will make it harder for you to give and receive love.
When the Heart Wall is removed from the body, the difference can sometimes be felt immediately. At other times, the
change is more subtle and takes place over time. One of the main reasons that I teach my 'Balancing the Body Electric'
seminars involves the HeartWall. I can never hope to clear enough HeartWalls in my lifetime to make a very big
difference to the world. But if enough individuals are trained how to release these emotions, many hearts can be
"unlocked", and the level of love and understanding in the world will increase. In this small way, maybe we really can
change the world.
The importance of clearing the HeartWall from yourself and your loved ones cannot be overestimated. In practice, I
have found incredibly profound results from clearing the emotions that form the heart wall. I have seen suicidedepressed
people completely get over their depression and recover after having the heartwall cleared. I have seen
seemingly unreachable, very angry young people who were getting poor grades turn their lives around. I have seen
the incredible serenity that people regain when they again feel connected to the people around them. People have
even related to us that for the first time in their lives they can actually feel God's love for them.
Thank you for allowing me to share my knowledge with you. If you are interested in having your Heart wall trapped
emotions released at another time, you may contact Lorrie at or email
To read more information about trapped emotions and the heart wall, visit
C:\Users\lorrie\Documents\Untitled 1.odt

Wednesday, June 9, 2010

Happy Natural Horse Information Sheet

Your wealth. Bagu Map for your house lay out for
financial abundance
Daily Inspiration
www. to attract money.
Your Horses health
www. / 1-800-371-2928-
www. Earth-Food Grade-Natural wormer
for dogs and cats /horses
Homeopathics horses and humans Phone: 304-258-2541 879-3337
everything here benonite clay , oils herbs all Minerals for
horses audio where to buy the salt free choice
Dynamite Marketing Phone: 1-800-697-7434 id 1594 Lorrie Bracaloni Must have to order for all your herbal needs great place for remedies.
A Moon System with Echinacea Horse Must have for a sick horse
Where to buy trace minerals, wound wash, wound balm, Ester C I get my wormer there and sometimes my benonite
clay. 1.877.774.0594
Tell them Lorrie sent you.
Your health.
If you drink coffee this has no caffeine and builds your immune system.
If your adrenals are down will pick them up! The Tongkat Ali tea is great energy
www. 1-866-377-4221 for detox and blood builder
Arthritis info on ester c toxic mineral chart All your information needs on natural health

Wednesday, June 2, 2010

Toxic Wormers Horses

Zimmerican Gold - Wormer Warning!

Thursday, July 24th, 2008
Thought I’d forward this to the list.
Vikki Trupin, DVM
Pulaski, TN
>>> Candie, our 5 month old mini filly, was hospitalized in Fayetteville
>>> this morning, and died a little while ago. I wanted to let you know
>>> what happened, so this won’t ever happen to you.
>>> She was still not gaining weight well, despite all the supplements &
>>> worming etc, so Dr. H suggested trying Zimecterin Gold (ivermectin +
>>> praziquantel) just in case she had tapeworms. I don’t usually use that
>>> wormer, and wouldn’t normally on a foal anyway, but Dr H thought it
>>> might help since nothing else had worked.
>>> We gave it to her, a tiny amount, Saturday afternoon. She did do a lot
>>> of lip-smacking/chewing right after.
>>> Yesterday afternoon she was quiet and didn’t eat as well as usual, but
>>> nothing dramatica lly different, and she was drinking. Early this
>>> morning she was sticking her whole face down into the water bucket,
>>> splashing, & wouldn’t eat her mash. When I looked in her mouth,
>>> thinking maybe she had a tooth problem (like Trinket did), I was
>>> totally shocked - her inner lips, gums, and tongue were covered in
>>> awful ulcers & blisters, everywhere inside her mouth. We called the
>>> horse hospital in Fayetteville & rushed her over there. She was put on
>>> IV fluids, two IV antibiotics, steroids and pain med, and would need a
>>> feeding tube tomorrow if not improved.*/ Dr. Smith said he’s seen this
>>> before, and that “Zimecterin Gold is like battery acid, I don’t use
>>> it”./* A bigger stronger horse might have been able to tolerate a
>>> reaction, but not little Candie.
>>> After hitting the internet, it does look like there have been others
>>> who have had similar reactions, many with massive mouth swelling.
>>> PLEASE think twice before using this wormer. This tiny filly did have
>>> some problems anyway, but massive mouth ulceration from a wormer was
>>> not one of them, and that’s what caused her death, in under 48 hours.
>>> It may have been esophageal & gastric as well. I ‘m glad that it was ME
>>> who gave it to her, not Anna or Meredith, because from now on it’s
>>> going to be really hard for us to worm our horses.
>>> Maryanne Caruso, RN CPHQ
>> > If you wnat to worm your horses contact I have a great all natural wormer that works!

Vaccines/Cancer- Effects

Thursday, July 3rd, 2008
The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) Vaccine-Associated Feline Sarcoma Task Force initiated several studies to find out why 160,000 cats each year in the USA develop terminal cancer at their vaccine injection sites.(3) The fact that cats can get vaccine-induced cancer has been acknowledged by veterinary bodies around the world, and even the British Government acknowledged it through its Working Group charged with the task of looking into canine and feline vaccines(4) following pressure from Canine Health Concern. What do you imagine was the advice of the AVMA Task Force, veterinary bodies and governments? “Carry on vaccinating until
we find out why vaccines are killing cats, and which cats are most likely to die.”
In America, in an attempt to mitigate the problem, they’re vaccinating cats in the tail or leg so they can amputate when cancer appears. Great advice if it’s not your cat amongst the hundreds of thousands on the “oops” list.
But other species are okay - right? Wrong. In August 2003, the Journal of Veterinary Medicine carried an Italian study which showed that dogs also develop vaccine-induced cancers at their injection sites.(5) We already know that vaccine-site cancer is a possible sequel to human vaccines, too, since the Salk polio vaccine was said to carry a monkey retrovirus (from cultivating the vaccine on monkey organs) that produces inheritable cancer. The monkey retrovirus SV40 keeps turning up in human cancer sites.
It is also widely acknowledged that vaccines can cause a fast-acting, usually fatal, disease called autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA). Without treatment, and frequently with treatment, individuals can die in agony within a matter of days. Merck, itself a multinational vaccine manufacturer, states in The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy that autoimmune haemolytic anaemia may be caused by modified live-virus vaccines, as do Tizard’s Veterinary Immunology (4th edition) and the Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine.(6) The British Government’s Working Group, despite being staffed by vaccine-industry consultants who say they are independent, also acknowledged this fact. However, no one warns the pet owners before their animals are subjected to an unnecessary booster, and very few owners are told why after their pets die of AIHA.
A Wide Range of Vaccine-induced Diseases
We also found some worrying correlations between vaccine events and the onset of arthritis in our 1997 survey. Our concerns were compounded by research in the human field.
The New England Journal of Medicine, for example, reported that it is possible to isolate the rubella virus from affected joints in children vaccinated against rubella. It also told of the isolation of viruses from the peripheral blood of women with prolonged arthritis following vaccination.(7)
Then, in 2000, CHC’s findings were confirmed by research which showed that polyarthritis and other diseases like amyloidosis, which affects organs in dogs, were linked to the combined vaccine given to dogs.(8) There is a huge body of research, despite the paucity of funding from the vaccine industry, to confirm that vaccines can cause a wide range of brain and central nervous system damage. Merck itself states in its Manual that vaccines (i.e., its own products) can cause encephalitis: brain inflammation/damage. In some cases, encephalitis involves lesions in the brain and throughout the central nervous system. Merck states that “examples are the encephalitides following measles, chickenpox, rubella, smallpox vaccination, vaccinia, and many other less well defined viral infections”.
When the dog owners who took part in the CHC survey reported that their dogs developed short attention spans, 73.1% of the dogs did so within three months of a vaccine event. The same percentage of dogs was diagnosed with epilepsy within three months of a shot (but usually within days). We also found that 72.5% of dogs that were considered by their owners to be nervous and of a worrying disposition, first exhibited these traits within the three-month post-vaccination period.
I would like to add for the sake of Oliver, my friend who suffered from paralysed rear legs and death shortly after a vaccine shot, that “paresis” is listed in Merck’s Manual as a symptom of encephalitis. This is defined as muscular weakness of a neural (brain) origin which involves partial or incomplete paralysis, resulting from lesions at any level of the descending pathway from the brain. Hind limb paralysis is one of the potential consequences. Encephalitis, incidentally, is a disease that can manifest across the scale from mild to severe and can also cause sudden death.
Organ failure must also be suspected when it occurs shortly after a vaccine event. Dr Larry Glickman, who spearheaded the Purdue research into post-vaccination biochemical changes in dogs, wrote in a letter to Cavalier Spaniel breeder Bet Hargreaves:
“Our ongoing studies of dogs show that following routine vaccination, there is a significant rise in the level of antibodies dogs produce against their own tissues. Some of these antibodies have been shown to target the thyroid gland, connective tissue such as that found in the valves of the heart, red blood cells, DNA, etc. I do believe that the heart conditions in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels could be the end result of repeated immunisations by vaccines containing tissue culture contaminants that cause a progressive immune response directed at connective tissue in the heart valves. The clinical manifestations would be more pronounced in dogs that have a genetic predisposition [although] the findings should be generally applicable to all dogs regardless of their breed.”
I must mention here that Dr Glickman believes that vaccines are a necessary evil, but that safer vaccines need to be developed.
Meanwhile, please join the queue to place your dog, cat, horse and child on the Russian roulette wheel because a scientist says you should.
Vaccines Stimulate an Inflammatory Response
The word “allergy” is synonymous with “sensitivity” and “inflammation”. It should, by rights, also be synonymous with the word “vaccination”. This is what vaccines do: they sensitise (render allergic)an individual in the process of forcing them to develop antibodies to fight a disease threat. In other words, as is acknowledged and accepted, as part of the vaccine process the body will respond with inflammation. This may be apparently temporary or it may be longstanding.
Holistic doctors and veterinarians have known this for at least 100 years.
They talk about a wide range of inflammatory or “-itis” diseases which arise shortly after a vaccine event. Vaccines, in fact, plunge many individuals into an allergic state. Again, this is a disorder that ranges from mild all the way through to the suddenly fatal. Anaphylactic shock is the culmination: it’s where an individual has a massive allergic reaction to a vaccine and will die within minutes if adrenaline or its equivalent is not administered.
There are some individuals who are genetically not well placed to withstand the vaccine challenge. These are the people (and animals are “people”, too) who have inherited faulty B and T cell function. B and T cells are components within the immune system which identify foreign invaders and destroy them, and hold the invader in memory so that they cannot cause future harm. However, where inflammatory responses are concerned, the immune system overreacts and causes unwanted effects such as allergies and other
inflammatory conditions.
Merck warns in its Manual that patients with, or from families with, B and/or T cell immunodeficiencies should not receive live-virus vaccines due to the risk of severe or fatal infection. Elsewhere, it lists features of B and T cell immunodeficiencies as food allergies, inhalant allergies, eczema, dermatitis, neurological deterioration and heart disease. To translate, people with these conditions can die if they receive live-virus vaccines. Their immune systems are simply not competent enough to guarantee a healthy reaction to the viral assault from modified live-virus vaccines.
Modified live-virus (MLV) vaccines replicate in the patient until an immune response is provoked. If a defence isn’t stimulated, then the vaccine continues to replicate until it gives the patient the very disease it was intending to prevent.
Alternatively, a deranged immune response will lead to inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, pancreatitis, colitis, encephalitis and any number of autoimmune diseases such as cancer and leukaemia, where the body attacks its own cells.
A new theory, stumbled upon by Open University student Gary Smith, explains what holistic practitioners have been saying for a very long time. Here is what a few of the holistic vets have said in relation to their patients:
Dr Jean Dodds: “Many veterinarians trace the present problems with allergic and immunologic diseases to the introduction of MLV vaccines…” (9)
Christina Chambreau, DVM: “Routine vaccinations are probably the worst thing that we do for our animals. They cause all types of illnesses, but not directly to where we would relate them definitely to be caused by the vaccine.” (10)
Martin Goldstein, DVM: “I think that vaccines…are leading killers of dogs and cats in America today.”
Dr Charles E. Loops, DVM: “Homoeopathic veterinarians and other holistic practitioners have maintained for some time that vaccinations do more harm than they provide benefits.” (12)
Mike Kohn, DVM: “In response to this [vaccine] violation, there have been increased autoimmune diseases (allergies being one component), epilepsy, neoplasia [tumours], as well as behavioural problems in small animals.” (13)

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Tuesday, June 1, 2010

Consequences of Stall Confinement

Consequences of Stall Confinement
Confined horses tend to display undesirable behaviors and are more at risk of developing intestinal or musculoskeletal problems. When we think of a contented horse, in our mind's eye we see him grazing in an expansive pasture, surrounded by fields of green and other equine companions. But for some horse owners, this vision might also appear as an eager equine head popping over a stall door, attentive to its human entering the barn.
What inspires the practice of housing a horse in a stall? It might have begun as an attempt to provide shelter from adverse weather or to protect the hair coat from sun and dust. Such seclusion also allows a horse to eat without other horses interfering. Stall rest prescribed for an injured horse might persist despite full recovery. And confinement conveniently keeps a horse contained and ready to ride, rather than requiring a hike across the field to catch him.
Whatever the reason, modern horses spend more time confined to stalls or small paddocks, with results that aren't necessarily in the best interests of health or mind.
The Stall Environmentstall
Without inhabiting a stall, it is easy for us to ignore some microclimate effects of an enclosed space. Frederik Derksen, DVM, PhD, Dip. ACVIM, of Michigan State University's Pulmonary Laboratory in the Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, has investigated the effects of such an environment on equine airways.
While viruses and bacteria pose risks to airway health, environmental exposure to particulates dispersed from feed, bedding, footing materials, and other sources (i.e., gas or diesel exhaust) can lead to inflammatory airway disease (IAD). Horses living in a dusty environment have increased mucus in the airways; even a moderate amount of mucus impairs performance, so Derksen stresses, "Mucus matters!"
A critical player in generating respiratory inflammation is endotoxin, a component of the bacterial cell walls of Gram-negative bacteria that is liberated as these bacteria die. Endotoxin is found in large quantities in fecal matter, hay, and straw.
Soaking hay can minimize dust and respiratory irritants, and Derksen suggests feeding wet hay immediately. Bacteria multiply quickly in moist materials, making wet hay a rich source of endotoxin.
He explains, "Endotoxin tends to adhere to airborne particles, which are then inhaled. This is potent stuff and not good for animals or people to breathe. The body thinks it's getting infected, although these are dead bacterial cell walls. This foreign protein (antigen) elicits an aggressive inflammatory response."
Derksen says British studies have shown exposing horses prone to respiratory disease to dust creates lots of inflammation and breathing difficulty. "However," he says, "If endotoxin is removed from dust particles, the reaction is much less severe, indicating that endotoxin is an important stimulus of equine respiratory problems."
He said individual horse behavior affects degree of exposure, too. For example, a horse that defecates in a corner (not walking all over his stall) lessens his exposure.
Ensuring a barn has good ventilation with ample air changes per minute is important to airway health. He notes, "A fan may not carry air flow out of the stall, instead generating a whirlpool effect that whips up dust and endotoxin."
Dust particle concentrations are increased in stalls in proximity to manure handling, air-moving fans, or foot traffic. Derksen recommends consulting with barn designers, engineers, or extension agents to develop effective barn and stall ventilation.
Turnout isn't always a cure. "If horses congregate in one corner of a paddock or pasture (or in a run-in), wind and stamping feet stir up manure and dust to develop a stall-like environment, with increased exposure to endotoxin. And, in overgrazed or overstocked pastures, manure contamination limits clean grazing areas, exposing a horse to more endotoxin."
Other strategies to minimize dust:
Use high-quality, low-dust hay/bedding; Clean stalls of manure and urine-soaked bedding regularly--twice daily is best; Minimize activities that kick up dust when horses are inside (i.e., raking, sweeping, leaf blower use); and Place fans so they don't whip up dust. Confinement and Intestinal Health
Recently imposed stall confinement is associated with 54% of impaction colic cases; researchers on another study found 62% of colon impactions occurred within two weeks of significant management changes, such as stall confinement or transport. Earl Gaughan, DVM, Dipl. ACVS, a surgeon at Littleton Equine Medical Center, in Colorado, notes, "The word 'change' is the most important factor--changes in feed and housing, especially if concurrent, pose a bad formula for intestinal health."
For a horse accustomed to stall confinement and consistent feeding, additional stall time is not as big a worry. However, Gaughan remarks, "Intensive housing and feeding programs enhance the potential for colic problems as compared to horses living at pasture with the opportunity to regulate their own feeding patterns."
He says to use common sense when stabling: "Minimize changes in feed type, volume, frequency, and water availability."
Reduce feed quantity, especially of concentrates. Vets have acknowledged that free-choice forage intake reduces the incidence of developing gastric ulcers, and Gaughan recommends feeding less calorie-rich hay and supplements. Minimizing a horse's overall stress can also deter ulcers.
Exercise increases metabolism, and there's evidence that light physical activity (walking) stimulates gastrointestinal motility. Fiber digestibility increases by up to 20% in exercised horses, promoting greater retention of the fluid part of the diet and shortened retention of the more formed, particulate part, deterring impaction colic.
Just as dietary changes challenge equine digestion, horses with sudden decreases in activity should be monitored closely for digestive problems that can lead to colic. Gaughan says, "As much turnout time as possible is best for overall equine health."
Performance Effects
Patty Graham-Thiers, PhD, of Virginia Intermont College, evaluated confinement's effects on fitness of middle-aged (14-year-old) horses separated into three groups. She and colleagues found that pastured horses and stall-kept horses with nighttime turnout in a small paddock that were in an exercise program demonstrated improved fitness. (More details on the study can be found at
Over 24 hours, pastured horses traveled twice the distance (detected on GPS) of those with only nighttime paddock turnout, averaging 6.7 miles; those in stalls, with or without exercise, went 2.8-3.2 miles. Also, pastured horses had a larger increase in bone density, significantly different from exercised/nonexercised stalled horses.
Effects on Growth and Development
Many studies have focused on confinement of youngsters and musculoskeletal development, particularly joints. One overriding conclusion is that restricting exercise in a growing foal retards cartilage development, but this is reversible once he gets pasture exercise. The objective: Allow pasture playtime to achieve submaximal joint loading. Stall confinement of a young horse can lead to potential cartilage injury, especially if short bouts of heavy exercise are superimposed on unconditioned joints. A newborn's joint cartilage is a blank slate, ready for adaptive change. Particularly before five months of age, juvenile articular cartilage is a dynamic, continuously remodeling tissue, gradually assuming characteristics important to future joint strength and resistance to injury. "Impressionable" cartilage functionally adapts via weight bearing to a "mature" state by 18 months. "Flexural deformities (contracted tendons) can result from imbalances between growth and exercise," he notes. "If physes (growth plates) or angular limb deformities (crooked legs) generate pain, then exercise restriction is essential. (But) normal weight-bearing exercise is necessary for normal equine limb development."
Confinement for an Injury
Stall rest does not always have negative consequences, according to Gaughan. He observes, "Short-term confinement likely has little influence on joint and musculoskeletal tissue health and maintenance. Horses are obligate weight bearers and as such will engage these tissues even at rest. Some horses may incidentally 'exercise' more when stall confined than with paddock confinement--that is why 'rest' needs careful defining to be effective."
Gaughan says, "Certain injuries (e.g. bowed tendon, post-arthroscopic surgery) are amenable to turnout exercise in final stages of rehabilitation prior to return to controlled exercise or conditioning." This should be supervised and graduated in steps.
Every horse tolerates stall rest differently. Gaughan says, "Give horses as much outside time (with other horses visible) as reasonable for mental and physical health."
Behavioral Effects of Confinement
Raf Freire, PhD (animal behavior and welfare), of Charles Sturt University, in Australia, says, "In common with other social animals, (horses) experience behavioral problems when isolated and confined. Our recent study showed that stabling does not meet horses' needs for exercise, resulting in expression of high levels of activity when given the opportunity to exercise. This 'rebound effect' indicates that stabled horses are frustrated by the inability to exercise." One hour of exercise per day was sufficient to relieve frustration in Freire's study horses, but he stresses that the absolute time out of the stall is not the critical factor; what a horse is able to do while outside appears equally, if not more, important.
He emphasizes, "Horses confined for prolonged periods may become increasingly frustrated by lack of exercise--there are likely to be other adverse effects on their social behavior. With time, the prevention of movement, social interaction, and grazing becomes channeled into problem behaviors, such as weaving and crib biting."
Freire added, "A critical finding in our study is that continuously stabled horses were more likely to misbehave during handling and trailer loading, for example. This has important implications for horse and rider safety since the majority of riding accidents are due to horse misbehavior."
Take-Home Message
Confined horses tend to display undesirable behaviors and are more at risk of developing intestinal or musculoskeletal problems. When stalling your horse, consider effects this might have on general health and emotional state, particularly over the long term. Explore alternatives to balance confinement time with turnout and exercise to optimize your horse's health and performance.
this article by: Nancy S. Loving, DVM from
 Every horse experts agree that 24/7 is the absolute best circumstance for the horse to live in.